Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Cheat Sheet

In the United States, more than 30,000 women are diagnosed with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma annually.  Risk factors and warning signs may include:

Risk Factors:

  • I am of older age (Most cases occuring in people 60 years of age and older)
  • I have a weakened immune system
  • I have certain infections such as:
    - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    - Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
    - Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori are bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers. They also increase a person's risk of lymphoma in the stomach lining.)
    - Human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1)
    - Hepatitis C virus (Some studies have found an increased risk of lymphoma in people with hepatitis C virus).
  • I have been exposed to radiation
  • I have been exposed to chemicals such as benzene and certain herbicides and insecticides

Warning Signs of Lymphoma:

  • Swelling of lymph nodes, which may or may not be painless
  • Fever
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Sweating (often at night)
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Itching

These symptoms can often be similar to other diseases and conditions. However, if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor right away. You should discuss which of the following diagnostic tools may be appropriate for you: Blood & Urine tests, MRI, CT Scan, PET Scan, Biopsy. Remember, early detection equals survival!

Contact The National Women’s Health Information Center for information on health insurance coverage or free clinics. Visit or call 1-800-994-9662. 

This information was provided by the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute.

This information was reviewed by the Cancer Schmancer Medical Advisory Board.

Last updated: August 2010