Guide to the Minor Cannabinoids CBN, CBG, THCa, and THCv

Minor cannabinoids have been hyped in the news lately, and if you’ve been following there are numerous stories about how they are the next frontier in cannabis. Most people have heard of THC and CBD, but there are over 100 other cannabinoids present in cannabis. Many medical experts believe that the efficacy of cannabis depends on utilizing the full spectrum of cannabinoids present. So here's an introduction to three lesser known cannabinoids: CBN, CBG, and THCv. In this article you’ll learn all about these minor but mighty cannabinoids. 

What is CBN (Cannabinol)?

The first cannabinoid on our list is Cannabinol, more commonly known as CBN. CBN is a cannabinoid that naturally occurs as a result when THC molecules break down due to oxygenation. This is why CBN is normally found on aged cannabis plants. Traditionally Cannabinol has been touted as effective for pain management and helping people relieve their insomnia, although there is limited research. What we do know is that CBN is non-intoxicating like THCa and that is widely used for its effects as a sedative. This is due to how CBN and THC interact within our bodies in the Endocannabinoid system. 

What is the difference between CBN and CBD?

The most notable difference between CBN and CBD is how each of the cannabinoids interact within the Endocannabinoid system (ECS). While research has been limited for CBN, science has shown that CBD shows affinity to the CB1 and CB2 receptors found in our bodies. When CBD interacts with the ECS, the body responds by increasing endocannabinoids to return homeostasis. Conversely, CBN has little affinity to either receptors yet more research is needed to discover precisely how CBN works in our bodies. Also, CBN is a byproduct of the breakdown of THC, meaning it doesn’t have the potential to be psychoactive. CBD also has no psychoactivity, and individuals who consume it do not experience the ‘high’ that is associated with THC.


  • Non-intoxicating; it is a breakdown product of THCa
  • Widely known for its sedative effect and good for sleep


  • Non-intoxicating
  • Used for stress reduction, normal inflammation, and acute pains.
  • Major phytocannabinoid, making up to 40% of plant extract

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